Heart Healthy Answers

How did you do?  Check out the answers below

Question 1:

For healthy heart moderate exercise, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) recommends 75 to 150 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise as week. That equals about 30 minutes, 5 days a week.  So go walk the dog!

Question 2:

True.  Limiting certain fats you eat also is important. Of the types of fat — saturated, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and trans fat — saturated fat and trans fat increase the risk of coronary artery disease by raising blood cholesterol levels.  Polyunsaturated fats are found in foods that contain Omega-3s such as mackerel, tilapia etc.

Question 3:

False. Chronic stress exposes our hearts to high levels of hormones that have adverse effects on our hearts. Try to reduce stress and anxiety by identifying the areas/places you experience the most stress.  Talking with a professional counselor is helpful, even for short term assistance.

Question 4:

Three risk factors for heart disease are: smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, drinking high levels of alcohol and poor nutrition.  Poor nutrition are foods with high sodium, high levels of saturated fats.

Question 5:

High blood pressure does not usually have symptoms.  Over time the heart is damaged by the extra strain on the heart muscle and vessels.  The arteries can become narrowed creating even more pressure in the heart.  Make an appointment with your medical provider at Family Medicine of Albemarle if you have a family history of high blood, a personal history of high blood pressure or you know that you have one of the risk factors for heart disease.

Question 6:

True:  The FDA states that adults should have less than 2300 milligrams of sodium a day.  When you read the food or drug label you may also see a daily percentage (DV%).  A low sodium product should have less than 35 milligrams of sodium per serving.  Foods and drinks that are high in sodium are: smoked or cured meats, frozen dinners, canned foods such as chili, salted nuts, soda to name a few.  Healthy foods are fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts with no or low salt, fish, chicken, eggs to name a few.